Oh my! Myiarchus identification problems

Isla Palma family holiday

by Gunnar on February 25, 2011 · 5 comments

in Birding Neotropics

Identification Quiz. What Myiarchus Flycatcher is this?

Mystery Myiarchus - Venezuelan or Panama FlycatcherThere are 22 species of Myiarchus Tyrant-Flycatchers. In many places they present no problems in identifying as only or two species occur. However, in some areas various species overlap – and one also have to account for migrating species.

The thing to look for to help ID are general size, bill size, presence of rufous and the amount of rufous in the tail.  Sometimes it is devilishly difficult to ID on looks alone. Fortunately, many of them are quite vocal. It pays off to learn the calls of the most common species by heart.

This particular one is still a mystery to me. I have seen it for two days in a row here in Paradise. I am on family holiday on Isla Palma – a Caribbean beautiful island with crystal clear water and white sand beach near Cartagena Colombia. It is not a birding holiday – and yet this bird is potentially a lifer for me.

Tomorrow,  I plan to do a series of play-back experiments to see if I can ID it to 100%.

It is quite clear that the bird in question is either a Panama Flycatcher Myiarchus panamensis or a Venezuelan Flycatcher Myiarchus venezuelensis. They are practically identical.
Birds of Colombia doesn’t help much. The text of Panama Flycatcher says: “Essentially indistinguishable from Venezuelan and Short-crested Flycatcher. ” Short-crested, which I know very well, is out of range – and jizz-wise this bird feels very different from Short-crested. There is absolutely nothing crested about this bird.

The ranges of Panama and Venezuelan overlaps here in Sucre department – so right now I am stuck. Panama Flycatcher would be a lifer for me.

So what do you think? Panama or Venezuelan Flycatcher – or should it just remain as Colombian Mystery Flycatcher.

Click on the images for larger size.

Mystery Myiarchus - Venezuelan or Panama Flycatcher

Mystery Myiarchus - Venezuelan or Panama Flycatcher

Mystery Myiarchus - Venezuelan or Panama Flycatcher

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